Baron Émile de l’Empesé, The Art of Tying a Cravat, 1827.

Cravats were first worn in France by Croatian cavalrymen serving in the French army under Louis XIII. The skill required in correctly tying one became a mark of elegance. A “stock” was also of military origin, being a high, collar-like neckband of velvet, satin, piqué or even silk edged with kid and it often had a fancy tie in front like a cravat.

                -Farid Chenoune, A History of Men’s Fashion,
                translated by Deke Dusínberre